Scientists may have found a new form of matter, tetraquark


Large Hadron Collider… Our counterpart for flux capacitor or a lightsaber. The overachieving device famous for finding the Higgs boson… How we love thee.

CMS_Silicon_Tracker_Arty_HiRes_1

 

And now, scientists have discovered an elusive particle, a new particle called Z(4430), and is the best evidence to date of a tetraquark… An entirely new form of matter.

Quarks are the subatomic particles that form all matter and are usually found in pairs or triplets – but scientists had long predicted that a new particle Z(4430) could exist that was a combination of four quarks. And now the LHC has spotted as many as 4,000 of the elusive particles, the researchers reported in ArXiv.

Right now, scientists still aren’t 100% sure this type of tetraquark would obey the laws of physics.

 Thomas Cohen at the University of Maryland in College Park told New Scientist: “Our computers aren’t yet big enough to solve the theory from first principles.”

There is still work to be done to determine if Z(4430) really is a tetraquark, and, if so, what that means for us.

But the big first hurdle has been overcome – scientists have proved that Z(4430) really does exist and shown there’s still so much we have to discovery about the world we live in.

N.

Via: ScienceAlert

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